The growing processes are described in four steps:
1. Selection of agricultural waste materials. This can be anything that is abundant and easily available in the nearby proximity.
2. Tools to place the waste and grow the fungi. The container can be anything, in any shape that will eventually act as a physical enclosure
3. Storage. We place the filled up container in the cool dark place to allow the mycelium and the fungi associated to proliferate the entire container
4. Harvest. The remains of the waste materials will be mostly used up after 5 days (depending on the size of the initial container) to form white and moldy mycelium. The millions polymer chains can then be processed further to be used for packaging, protective buffer or for decoration purposes.
Nature has always provided us with ways to live our life in harmony with the Earth's ecological system. Synthetic polymers that give rise to Styrofoam are difficult to be naturally-degraded over a short period of time. Mechanical breakdowns of such materials will only cause further damages as pollution of micro-plastic has now sparked interests among many wild-life conservationists and the environmentalists because negative impacts found in living organisms or habitats are becoming widespread and common. Although the public's perception of natural plastic made out of mushroom can not be accepted as fast, but the hope and willingness to change are there. I'm hopeful and optimistic that synthetic plastic derived from finite crude oil can one day be replaced with mushroom's mycelium.
Video taken from: http://www.ted.com/talks/eben_bayer_are_mushrooms_the_new_plastic